Sentence Structure

There are different kinds of sentences: Simple, Compound, Complex, or Compound-complex.

These are identified by which clauses they contain: independent (a complete thought) and dependent/subordinate clauses (an incomplete thought).

KEY: Independent Clauses= blue, Dependent Clauses= green


A Simple Sentence is one independent clause with no dependent clauses.

                  EX: Monmouth College has an excellent Marching Band program.

For more information see page 785-786 of the Bedford.


A Compound Sentence is composed of two or more independent clauses with no dependent clauses.

EX: The business office is closed today, but it will be open again on Monday.

For more information see page 786 of the Bedford.


A Complex Sentence is made up of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

EX: If you are going to miss class, email your Professor.

For more information see page 786-787 of the Bedford.


A Compound-Complex Sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

EX: Tell your roommate how you feel, and she will decide whether to clean up her side of the room or not.

For more information see page 787 of the Bedford.


For more help visit the Writing Center on the 3rd floor of Mellinger Mon-Thurs 3-5 and Sun-Thurs 7-10.

Or, see the Bedford pages 785-787

CAC 2012 Draxler, Adams

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